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|| || radius km || launch V || orbit V || kick V ||<-2> delta V/deg plane change from loop latitude || || || radius km || launch V || orbit V || kick V ||<-2> plane change V from loop latitude ||

Launch Loop Destinations

Launch at 80 km altitude, 6458 km radius. GM is 3.986e14 m3/s2, day is 86164 seconds, escape velocity is 11111 m/s. rotation velocity 471 m/s, effective escape 10640 m/s . Not including air drag on the way out, which will be significant.

radius km

launch V

orbit V

kick V

plane change V from loop latitude


6780 km

7480 m/s

7668 m/s

94 m/s

134 m/s/°

altitude only, ISS inclination 51.65°, inaccessable


12789 km

8586 m/s

5583 m/s

1009 m/s

97 m/s/°


42164 km

9875 m/s

3075 m/s

1490 m/s

54 m/s/°


384400 km

10547 m/s

1018 m/s

833 m/s

18 m/s/°

Moon's orbit inclined compared to Earth's axial tilt


11002 m/s

5630 m/s

kick=Mars landing, eff. escape + 2.86 m/s

libreoffice spreadsheet destinations.ods

Note that gravity assist from the Moon reduce the Mars launch velocity a tiny bit - but not much, because the vehicle must leave the Moon at precisely the right direction (tangential to Earth's orbit) and velocity ( 2860 m/s added to the Earth's 29,800 m/s solar orbital velocity to be in a Hohmann orbit to Mars, and this must happen at precisely the right window to reach Mars when it gets there. These windows happen every 780 days, and the Moon will be in the wrong place most of those days. The vehicle can take a faster orbit than a Hohmann (with a higher delta V at each end) and accomodate some "wrongness") but not much.

Saving perhaps 200 m/s of delta V on a Mars rocket launch is significant. Not for a launch loop. It is more important to save delta V for the kick.

Destinations (last edited 2017-03-01 01:46:47 by KeithLofstrom)